Macro-porous ceramics for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
OHJI T. 1, FUKUSHIMA M. 1
1 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Nagoya, Japan
Sustainable development goals (SDGs) including 17 goals and 169 targets have been adopted unanimously in Sustainable Development Summit held at the United Nations (UN) Headquarters in New York in September 2015. The use of macro-porous ceramics is definitely one of the solutions to achieve the goals, because that can cover almost all technological issues. In order to achieve the goals, human beings must effectively utilize, recycle and reuse global resources such as 1) water from ocean, river and lake, 2) land and soil for livestocks and agricultural crops grown by the water, 3) wood and plant grown on the land and soil, and 4) fossil fuel from those petrified plants and animals, because overpopulation is getting more serious problem in this twenty-first century. Ceramic materials, especially oxides are natural abundances given, and macro-porous ceramics are the key reliable components in numerous functional and structural devices described above, in which strategically engineered porosity can become one of most important technologies to accomplish sustainable developments. In this presentation, pore morphologies, volume fraction and size will be discussed in terms of the necessary features required to achieve the ideal sustainable society for the intended applications.